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The Roman emperor

Hadrian
  Andalusia - region situated between two continents and bathed by two oceans. The name dates from the short period of the presence of the Vandals (409-429 BC). Before these settle Phoenicians (900 BC), Greeks (600 BC) and Romans (3rd century B.C.- 4th century A.C.) there, later on reigned the Visigoths for almost two centuries (5th.-7th.) and finally conquered the Arabs (711 - 1492) the whole region, leaving the most impressive testimonies in Andalusia. With the Spanish-Christian reconquest Andalusia became the launching point for the discovery and conquest of the "New Eorld". This marks the beginning of the golden age.
  The topography of its more than 87.000 square kilometres is dominated by the Guadalquivir river, which flows between two mountains: the Sierra Morena mountains in the north and the Bética ranges in the south.
Inhabitants today: more than seven millions, living in aprox. 760 cities and villages.

 

 
Nature
 

 

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Map with the most beautiful 
and the biggest Natural Parks

 

18 % of the andalusian territory is under protection. There are 23 Natural Parks (Parques Naturales), 30 Natural Reserves (Reservas Naturales) and 31 Natural Sites (Parajes Naturales), distributed between the coastline and various mountainous areas. Of special interest as an animal refuge is the Doņana National Park, located on the mouth of the Guadalquivir river. A smaller part of the mountain range of Sierra Nevada, former host of the ski world-championship, has also been declared National Park in 1999. Apart of these must be mentioned the beautiful Sierra de Grazalema and Sierra de Cazorla.

The Natural Parks are mostly mountain and forest regions, but also parts of the coast belong to them.

The Natural Reserves are mostly smaller wetlands.

Die Natural Sites are moderately protected areas and can also be stoney or even desertlike. 

 

 
Culture
 

 

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Roman and Arab architecture, Renaissance and the marvellous Baroque have left its rich heritage in Andalusia. Almost every village as well as the big cities celebrate their own and unique "fiesta". The religious life can be experienced during the Holy Week and by visiting numerous pilgrimages or the processions of "Corpus Christi" in the month of June. The folklore culture is lively present in the local feasts and festivals, the so-called "ferias", in the still very popular bullfight or the authentic flamenco with its variations. Don't miss the andalusian cuisine.

Especially in the handicrafts survived the old arts and crafts representing the different cultures of the past: pottery and ceramics, saddlework and shoemaking, the local production of furniture, copper, gold and silverwork, wickerwork and handmade music instruments.

 

 
Climate
 

 

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"I visit Andalusia
 3000 hours
 a year!"

Andalusia is an absolute sun country. The summers are hot and dry, during the winter period dominates a mild climate with some rain. The best period to travel Andalusia beginns in March untill the middle of June and from the middle of September until November (included). During the hot summer months July and August can be reached temperatures of more than 40° Celsius (= 104° Fahrenheit) - time for beach holidays. There are cold periods in the wintertime especially in the mountainous regions. The peaks of the Sierra Nevada are snow-covered all over the year. Very charming: spring, when the flowers bloom and the countryside is green.
Many sportsmen and -women are  fascinated by the windy regions. The atlantic coast near Tarifa offers perfect conditions for the ambitious windsurfer. Between the mountains and valleys of the Alpujarras and in other highly located regions can be practiced paragliding und hang-gliding.


  


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