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Tartessians, Columbus and mining of ore

Phoenicians and Greek formed the Tartessos culture during the 7th century BC. Its base was the mining of ore. After the Roman and the Moorish periods Huelva belonged first to the territory of Seville and later to Medina Sidonia.
Christopher Columbus developed the project for his journey to the Americas in the monastery of La Rábida and so Huelva became famous as well.

 

Highlights

- Ruta Colombina
- Reina Victoria
   Quarter
- Cathedral

 

 

Short description

 

This former capital of mining production has become today a centre of petro chemistry and ocean fishing activities. With 148,570 inhabitants (2014) it is one of the smaller Andalusian provincial capitals.
Close to Huelva are large plantations of strawberries and from the north of the province comes the famous cured Jabugo ham.

Classification:

Main sights to visit

 

Barrio Reina Victoria – authentic English quarter in the middle of Huelva. The British "Riotinto Company" built it for its mine workers. Mixture of English, Alpine, Arab and Oriental styles.

Sanctuario de Nuestra Señora de la Cinta - auf einer Anhöhe gelegener Sakralbau für die Patronin der Stadt im gotischen Mudejár-Stil. Kolumbus betete hier und genoß die Aussicht auf das Sumpfland des Odiel-Flusses.

Cathedral "La Merced" – part of an ancient monastery building. Considered the most precious Baroque church of the region. Originally built in the 18th century, it was named a Cathedral in 1953.
San Pedro Church – constructed in the 15th century in Moorish style ("Mudéjar"), it was renewed completely during the Baroque era (18th century).

Province Museum – exhibits of Tartessian culture (Archaeological Department) and paintings of Vázquez Díaz (Fine Arts Department).

 


"San Pedro" church

 

Excursions

Ruta Colombina

Monasterio La Rábida (10 kms/7 miles south of Huelva) – Franciscan convent, built during the 15th century in Mudéjar style, restored in the 19th. Christopher Columbus here got the support of the monks to realize his bold plans.
Worth seeing is the church and the exhibition inside the monastery with many painting of the explorer and some frescos of Vázquez Díaz.
On the nearby quayside you can see reproductions of the three caravel sailing ships of Columbus and his crew.
Palos de la Frontera
– Columbus started from here. Sailing Museum in the old house of the Pinzón brothers, who accompanied him on his first voyage. Worth seeing: San Jorge church.

Moguer – small town located on the Rio Tinto river. Not to miss: convent of Santa Clara (inside: Museum of Sacred Arts) and the Museum of the poet Juan Ramón Jiménez.

Odiel Marshlands – nature area just 2 kms/1,4 miles southeast of Huelva on the mouth of the Odiel river. Serves as refuge for many types of birds.

Touristic infrastructure

 

Tourist information
Avda. de Alemania 12
Fernando el Católico 18

Traffic connections
International Airport San Pablo (100 kms/63 miles) in Seville
Trains (RENFE) to Seville and Ayamonte/Portugal, regional trains to the Sierra de Aracena
Highway to Seville and Portugal; National roads to Portugal, Seville and to the Sierra de Aracena in the north
.

Accommodation
Approx. 15 hotels and hostels of different categories and prices.

Hotel check: 

Tapas bars

Restaurants

 

Leisure

Shopping
In the old part of the town between the Plaza de la Merced and the Plaza 12 de Octubre



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