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White Villages "Caliphate"-Route "Al-Idrisi"-Route Cabo de Gata Bética-Romana Jaén & Cazorla Sierra de Aracena Jerez Region Las Alpujarras

 

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On the trail of the Romans

 
 

Journey to the heartland of the big river!
Between the 3rd and the 5th century AC the Romans well-liked the fertile Guadalquivir plains because of its rich production of wine, olive oil, corn and also the presence of minerals. The Vía Augustea connected the former Baetis with France. From the city of Itálica come the philosopher Seneca and the two Roman emperors Trajano and Adriano.

 

Highlights

- Itálica
- Carmona
- Córdoba
- Jerez de la F.
- Cádiz

      Itinerary

 

Essentials

 

Description
Roman settlements near Seville as Itálica founded by Scipio the Elder or the villages of Carmona, Marchena, Ecija or Osuna were already described by the geographer Teóphorus at the end of the 2nd century AC. The Bética-Romana route connects Hispalis (Seville) with Corduba (Córdoba) and with Gades (Cádiz) and left many trails along the Guadalquivir river and in the fertile plains of the Campiña. Some Roman remains can be seen along the Costa de la Luz towards Gibraltar.

 

Itinerary
From Itálica, passing Carmona, Córdoba and the villages of the Campiña back to Carmona. The route continues then to Jerez de la Frontera and Cádiz. Finally an excursion to Bolonia near Tarifa can be made.

 

Time needed
3-4 days, because there are several big cities worth visiting

 

Distance
approx.
690 kilometres/ 430 miles for the entire route. The large distances are caused by the excursions from Córdoba to the small village of Almedinilla in the Subbetic Mountains and from Cádiz to the ruins of Baelo Claudia near Bolonia.

 

Best travel season
Spring/early Summer (March until June) and Autumn (September and October), the coast can also be visited in July and August.

 

Landscape an protected areas
The itinerary runs mainly through the plains of the Guadalquivir valley, where agricultural activities predominate. It runs also through the Natural Parks of the Sierra Subbética and the Bay of Cádiz.

Parque Natural Sierra Subbéticas
This area of 31,568 hectares consists mainly of medium high limestone mountains covered with a Mediterranean vegetation. 8 villages lie in this territory (Visitor’s centre in Cabra).

Parque Natural Bahía de Cádiz
With 10.000 hectares of extension, this salt and humid area consists of marshland, reed, ponds and beaches, where many kind of trees grow and birds nest.

 

Tourist infrastructure


Tourist information

Cádiz
Calderón de la Barca 1
Plaza San Juan de Dios 11
Carmona
Plaza de Fernando
Arco de la Puerta de Sevilla
Córdoba
Torrijos 10
Plaza de Judá Levi
Écija
Cánovas del Castillo 4
Jerez de la Frontera
Larga 39
Marchena
San Franciso 43
Osuna
Sevilla 22
Santiponce
Feria

 

Accommodation

Many hotels and hostels along the route, especially in Córdoba, Jerez de la Frontera and in Cádiz. Also many camping sites along the coast and some rustic apartments.

 

Activities

Arcos de la Frontera
Horseriding, Hiking
Cádiz
Marina, Sailing
Carmona
Horseriding
Córdoba
Golf, Horseriding, Flying,
Hunting
Jerez de la Frontera
Golf, Horseriding, Flying
Osuna
Horseriding

 

Feasts/Festivals

Patron Saint Feasts / Ferias

almost each town celebrates its own patron saint, a procession and/or its "feria" (fair).


Pilgrimages - "Romerías"

Almodóvar del Río
Virgen de Fátima (2nd Sunday in May)
Carmona
Virgen de Gracia (Sept.)
Córdoba
de Linares (1st Sunday in May)
La Luisiana
Purísima Concepción (April 27)
Osuna
Nuestra Señora de la Consolación (April 27)

 

Others

Cádiz
Carnival
Córdoba
Patio Flower Contest (May)
Feria (May)
Jerez de la Frontera
Horse Fair (May)
Villages of the Campiña
Semana Santa (Holy Week)

 

Itinerary

 

Itálica (Miles 0)
the ruins of the former Roman military settlement can be visited near Santiponce (aprox 11 km/7 miles north of Seville)

Carmona (Miles 25; 28,717 Inhabitants)
extended necropolis "Carmo" and an amphitheatre outside the city limits.

La Luisiana (Miles 45; 4,672 Inhabitants)
Wells and baths from the Roman period

Écija (Miles 55; 40,634 Inhabitants)
in the former "Astigi" of the Romans can still be seen several mosaiques. Famous also for ist 11 towers and numerous churches, monasteries and noble houses.

Almodóvar del Rio (Miles 93;
7,977 Inhabitants)
preferred by the Romans because of the regional olive oil. One of the most important Andalusian castles is situated on a hill close to the village.

Córdoba (Miles 113; 328,041 Inhabitants)
the capital of the province with the famous Mezquita (mosque) was not only the ancient seat of the Caliphate but also the capital of the roman province "Baetica"
Birth place of the philosopher Seneca.
Also located on the ancient "Via Augustea"


Almedinilla (Miles 190 km;
2,468 Inhabitants)
small village of the Sierras Subbéticas located close to Priego de Córdoba.
Of agricultural importance in the Roman period: the villa "El Ruedo".

Osuna (Miles 270; 17,818 Inhabitants)
Julius Cesar conquered the town of Urso. Many monument buildings and noble houses. Tomb Panteón de los Duques; Monastery de la Encarnación.

Marchena (Miles 290; 19,940 Inhabitants)
important residence and agricultural product town of the Romans ("Martia"). Many archaeological findings. Today a small town of the Campiña, located amidst olive groves. Ancient town walls; Church San Juan Bautista; Museum Zurbarán

Jerez de la Frontera (Miles 346;
212,226 Inhabitants)
the Romans were the first to appreciate the wine of Hasta Regia. Today the biggest city of the Cádiz province.

Cádiz (Miles 364; 121,739 Inhabitants)
the mythic foundation of Hercules ("Melkart") was named "Gades" by the Romans. Oldest city of Europe.

Roman Ruins of Baelo Claudia (Miles 430)
close to the beach of Bolonia and close to Tarifa (Costa de la Luz). Founded during the 2nd Century BC.

Note: the population dates are from 2014

To combine with...

 

What may be visited after or before these plans:

- Seville
- Costa del Sol
- Route of the Caliphate (Córdoba)
- White Villages 

 

 

 


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