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Journey to the last refuge of the Moors

Reminiscence of the past!
Situated in the south of the giant montain peaks of the Mulhacén and the Veleta, the Alpujarra was considered invincible for hundreds of years. Romans, Arabs, Spanish and even the French tried to conquer it, but only the Muslims succeeded in settling in the Alpujarra for a long while. Until the 16th century they were the only owners of this Alpine region. Later on, this beautiful piece of country fell into oblivion, until the travellers of the romantic era discovered it again. Some traditions and customs have survived until the present day.

 

Highlights

- Granada
- Capileira
- Pampaneira
- Trevélez
- Pta. "Ragua"

 

 

Essentials

 

Description
Southeast of Granada the route passes the last Arabic enclaves, between the Sierra Nevada and the Sierras of Lújar and of Contraviesa. Mountainous landscapes, picturesque white villages and deep valleys and gorges dominate great parts of the itinerary between the health resort Lanjarón and the mountain pass Puerto de la Ragua on 2000 meters/6500 feet. This route can be continued visiting Guadix, with its characteristic cave houses before returning to Granada. Also possible: follow the road towards Almeria, passing Ohanes.

 

Itinerary
From Granada, passing the health resort Lanjarón, then to the white mountain villages of the Alpujarra. The route passes the Puerta de la Ragua, then to Lacalahorra and to Guadix and back to Granada.
Option: from Puerta de la Ragua to Laujar de Andarax and then to Almería (city).

 

Time needed
2 or 3 days

 

Distance
approx. 280 kilometer/ 175 miles

 

Best travel season
April until November

 

Landscape an protected areas
Located between the Sierra Nevada National Park and the Mediterranean lie the "Alpujarras", a territory of approximately 80 by 30 kilometer. Steep mountains, beautiful valleys, wild creeks and deep gorges characterize this region

Sierra Nevada National Park
Declared a National Park in the year 1999 it is, with its lagoons and glaciers, a area full of contrasts. To it belong the two highest mountains of the Iberian Peninsula, the Mulhácen (3.482 meters/) and the Veleta (3.392 meters/).

Tourist infrastructure


Tourist information

Almería
Parque Nicolás Salmerón
Granada
Corral del Carbón
Plaza Mariana Pineda 10
Guadix
Road to Granada

 

Accommodation

Large number of accommodation in Granada. Almería and also in the health resort Lanjarón. Some hotels and hostels can be found in the Alpujarra itself. Also apartments and several campsites.

Activities

Almería
Diving, Cycling, Mountain Climbing, Horseriding
Bubión
Horseriding, Hiking
Granada
Horseriding, Flying; Skiing, Hiking
Jeres de Marquesado
Horseriding
Pampaneira
Horseriding, Hiking

Feasts/Festivals

Patron Saint Feasts / Ferias

almost each town celebrates its own patron saint, a procession and/or its "feria" (fair).


Pilgrimages - "Romerías"

Guadix
San Antón (Jan. 17)
Laujar de Andarax
Virgen de Monteagud
(Sept. 14)

 

Others

Almería
Virgen del Mar (Aug. 22-31)
Granada
Holy Week, May Crosses (Beginning of May), 
Corpus Christi
Guadix
Feria (End of August)
Lanjarón
Water and Ham Festival (June 23-24)
Trevélez
Ham Festival (Aug. 15)

 

Itinerary

 

Granada (Miles 0; 237,540 Inhabitants)
Capital of the last Moorish kingdom and final stronghold: Al-Andalus. Fantastic view of the Alhambra with the snow covered Sierra Nevada mountains in the background.

Lanjarón (Miles 28; 3,717 Inhabitants)
Health resort, famous for its mineral water. Church
Encarnación; good views over the landscape from the castle (16th century).

Pampaneira (Miles 42; 323 Inhabitants)
One of the most typical villages of the high Alpujarra (altitude: 1,058 meters). Narrow streets and the Gothic church Santa Cruz, with a wooden roof in Mudéjar style.
 
Bubión (Miles 45; 315 Inhabitants)
village (1,296 meters high) that has a long tradition in handicraft. Good panoramic views over the ravine.

Capileira
(Miles 48; 496 Inhabitants)
the highest (1,436 meters) of all three villages that shape Poqueira's ravine. Mudéjar parish; Plaza del Calvario and the Museum of Popular Art and Customs.
In summer the Veleta summit can be reached on foot (10 Miles; 1-2 days).

Trevélez (Miles 65; 792 Inhabitants)
the highest located village with more than 500 inhabitants of the peninsula (1,476 meters). The dry and cold climate is perfect for the production of the cured ham ("Jamón Serrano").

Juviles (Miles 76; 134 Inhabitants)
Church of
Santa Maria de Gracia, one of the most beautiful of the granadian Alpujarra.

Mecina Bombarón (Miles 83;
627 Inhabitants)
situated in a dry Mediterranean landscape.
Roman bridge over the river Mecina.

Yegen (Miles 86; 438 Inhabitants)
Here lived the English writer Gerald Brenan during the 1920s. Good panoramic views of the mountains.

Válor (Miles 90; 623 Inhabitants)
Church San José in Mudéjar style.

Puerto de la Ragua (Miles 106)
Mountain pass at 2,042 meters / 6700 feet.
Excellent views of both sides of the Sierra Nevada.
Hiking path to the Chullo peak (2,612 meters / 8570 feet).

La Calahorra (Miles 115; 748 Inhabitants)
Arabic foundation, located amidst large groves of almond trees. Castle palace with Renaissance courts and a stairway of great artistic value.
Church Asunción.

Jeres del Marquesado (Miles 124;
1,027 Inhabitants)
Charming village with well preserved buildings.
 
Guadix (Miles 134; 18,898 Inhabitants)
Famous village with cave houses. Many churches, convents and noble houses in the center close to the cathedral. Remains of a fortress from the Arabic era.

Granada (Miles 169; 237,540 Inhabitants)


Variant: continue from Puerto de la Ragua to the southeast towards Almeria.

Bayarcal (Miles 116; 340 Inhabitants)
located at 1,275 meters / 4,180 Feet and surrounded by an oak forest.
Church San Francisco Javier in Mudéjar style.

Paterna del Río (Miles 121; 411 Inhabitants)
located at 1,193 meters / 3,915 Feet
small population with a 16th century church.

Laujar de Andarax (Miles 127;
1,633 Inhabitants)
close to the source of the Andarax river and north of the Sierra de Gádor
The quarters de la Alcazaba and el Calvario, are in Arabic style, with fountains and noble houses.
Mudéjar church Encarnación and town hall in Baroque style.

Ohanes (Miles 141; 696 Inhabitants)
Typical white village with a parochial stone church. Panoramic views and a breathtaking drop down to:

Alhama de Almería (Miles 157;
3,753 Inhabitants)
Health resort surrounded by three different landscapes: the Andarax valley. The Sierra de Gádor and the Tabernas desert.

Los Millares (Miles 162)
Europe’s most important archaeological finds in an ancient settlement from the copper age (approx 2,700-1,800 BC). Remains of a necropolis.

Almería (Miles 174; 193,351 Inhabitants)
the calm capital of the province with its outstanding fortified Cathedral and the Alcazaba (fortress).

Note: the population dates are from 2014

To combine with...

 

What may be visited after or before these plans:

- Almería and Cabo de Gata
- Costa del Sol/Route of Al-Idrisi
- Caliphate Route / Córdoba
- Málaga 


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